Current steering topologies guide D/A converter design News & Analysis 9/18/2002 Post a comment Digital to analog converters form the heart of many communications and mixed-signal circuits. From the August issue of Planet Analog magazine, an AMI engineer shows how current-steering trees can weigh bits accurately, while minimizing crosstalk and silicon area.
Know where your data goes before you make USB go fast News & Analysis 9/18/2002 Post a comment USB has taken the computer peripheral world by storm. In a few short years, it has risen to be the dominant personal computer peripheral interface in almost every category, including printers, scanners, digital cameras, mice and keyboards. It is a "must have" interface for almost any peripheral. You want to add it to your design, so you pick the new 480 Mbits/s speed, right? Wrong, say Cypress engineers. Similar to any other engineering decision, there are tradeoffs involved. This article looks
Current limiting key to hot-swap circuit protection News & Analysis 9/18/2002 Post a comment Many approaches are available for protecting a system against electrostatic discharge (ESD), surge current, overcurrent, undervoltage, overvoltage, and other problems. Each accomplishes a specific set of tasks. Some protection circuits are associated with a particular industry or company, and others are linked to a specific standard such as UL, USB, IEEE, CSA, or IEC. This piece - a preview from the September 23rd PA magazine -looks at live insertion issues.
Heading out onto the fiber News & Analysis 9/4/2002 Post a comment Optical communications quenches the industry's thirst for ever greater bandwidths, but placing information onto fiber is not without its challenges. This paper, originally published in a sister publication (Microwave Engineering) looks at some of the modeling issues associated with components and signal conditioning stages required for Electro-Optic Transmission.
Understanding gain-and-load dependencies the key to successful rail-to-rail op amp use News & Analysis 9/4/2002 Post a comment Single-supply op amps with rail-to-rail operation are designed to support new-generation battery-powered portables. But their behavior can be quite different from that of conventional operational amplifiers with dual 15V rails. Read the data sheet performance curves carefully: They depict gain and load limitations, explains this Texas Instruments/Burr-Brown products veteran.