Which was more important to history, penicillin or the arch? How about cement—invented by the Romans, I believe. Or steel. Or the circuit. Or the cell phone.
When I was writing my Editor’s Note for last Friday’s newsletter, I realized that both Brian and Max had dredged up a few impressive innovations during the week. This got me thinking on the history of innovating in general. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, innovation is “the introduction of something new.” Sounds pretty simple, but what is “new”—I went back to Webster: “having recently come into existence.” So, an innovation is the introduction of something that did not previously exist. Wow.
The author Ken Follett included a truck load of innovations in his two novels set in the 12th and 14th centuries. According to Follett, the 12th century saw the invention of flying buttresses, stained glass windows, the fulling (or felting) machine, vibrant red dye, and much more. Which led me to wonder, what was the most innovative century ever and what were the greatest innovations of all time?
Put forth your opinion, backed up with some thoughtful reasoning. Once we have a good list, I’ll put it to a vote and we can crown one innovation the greatest in the world.
It is very hard to tell what is the greatest innovation in the world but for surely it is something related to agriculture and the ability to deliver the best quantity of nutrients and oxygen to the plants. Without such innovations engineers for surely would not be able to design automatic http://www.actechwi.com/technologies-s/1814.htm grow boxes.
I think the innovation that makes innovation possible is the concept of free thought, allowing individuals to freely exchange ideas and pursue dreams for a better standard of living. Without the opportunity to use the human mind for this endeavor by oppression of free thinking would have kept us in the caves.
While for some baffling reason innovation in our culture is benchmarked by the invention of sliced bread, I think the greatest physical innovation may be the wheel. I'd vote for language as the greatest conceptual / abstract innovation.
I tend to side with monoculture farming and the plow as the greatest inventions of all time. Without those we would still be running over hill and dale several hours a day trying to eat instead of being able to sit around and invent ICs.
In my mind the greatest invention is the universal language of mathematics. I would also include the advancements made in agriculture and farming. People tend to explore, invent, create and think more productively when the are not distracted by hunger. (Agriculture and trade was one of the earliest reasons for creating mathematics.)
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.