During 1984-85, I lived on Marion Island. “Where’s that?” you ask. Marion is one of two islands forming the Prince Edward Islands (the other one is actually called Prince Edward Island) which are 2400 Km south east of Cape Town in the bottom of the Indian Ocean, below Madagascar. They are classed as Subantarctic islands, along with the Falklands in the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean, the Crozet and Kerguelen groups also in the Indian Ocean but more towards Australia, and various other dots of land like Heard Island and Macquarie island which peek out of the Southern Ocean. In other words, it’s in the middle of nowhere.
South Africa annexed the Prince Edward Islands in 1947 and has maintained a continuous presence on them ever since. Fast forward to 1982, when I was getting bored with my job, and met a friend of a friend who’d spent a year on the South African base in Antarctica. “That sounds like a fun way to spend a year,” I thought. So I got the details from the friend and sent off an application.
In reply I received pink card, all in Afrikaans (a South African language descended from Dutch) which, with the help of a friend who worked at South African Airways, I decoded to “We’ve got your application; you’ll hear from us soon.” Several months later, I’d heard nothing further. So on a business trip to South Africa, I managed to sneak away for a day to Pretoria where the Antarctic & Islands Administration was located. I got sent around a bit and ended up in the office of a gentleman called Sam. I gave him my tale of woe and he disappeared for a few minutes. “I’m sorry, your application was filed in the wrong place,” he said apologetically when he returned. “And the Antarctic team has just left. Would you be interested in going to Marion instead?”
“Where’s Marion?” I asked. He gave me a couple of printed sheets which told me what I needed to know. Apart from what I’ve told you above, it said that the average temperature was 5 degrees C, it got 2.3 metres of rainfall, the average wind speed was 35 knots and the tallest plant there (because of the incessant winds) was a grass about 2-ft high. It’s populated by vast numbers of penguins, seals, albatrosses and various other marine creatures, along with a basic team of eight men (women are now included but they weren’t then) four of whom do the meteorological work (Marion’s primary raison d’etre is as a weather station) plus a diesel mechanic, medic, radio operator and radio technician (the next of which Sam hoped would be me).
I was pretty much convinced on the spot. A few months later, I found myself with the rest of the team at the main Met station near Pretoria, getting some training on the equipment I’d be looking after, along with cooking, firefighting, survival etc. And a couple of months after that, I was on a ship bound for Marion itself.
Marion is about 10 Km by 15 Km. There is a main base and a few huts dotted round the island for use by scientists working on the wildlife, or base staff going walkabout. Much of the four week changeover period was spent fitting new equipment, walking or getting helicoptered (much preferable!) to the huts to restock the gas and tinned food supplies, etc. The base rooms each had two bunks--for the changeover both bunks had to be used--and the base was full of people and pretty chaotic. Then, at last, the old team, scientists, builders and hangers on finally returned to the ship, which with a couple of blasts of the foghorn to bid us farewell, set off back to Cape Town, leaving us in our splendid isolation.
The next week was spent unpacking our new food supplies, cleaning up “our” base and rooms, and settling in. We’d been given clothing before we left, but we now had a chocolate ration, liquor ration, even a cigarette ration for the smokers. I then fixed the spare radio transceiver, the intercom system, the video recorder, the HiFi, a couple of teleprinters, and anything else on the base which needed fixing and was the slightest bit electronic in nature. And then, with everything working, I came to the happy realisation that I had the best job on the base. If everything was working, I could do what I liked. I did lots of photography and developed my own colour slides and prints. I had a Z-80 based Sinclair Spectrum computer and did lots of BASIC programming and some machine language stuff as well. Apart from the basic team we had a few scientists, working on the seabirds, seals and insects on the island. I helped one of them, Chris, with his work analyzing what the penguins were eating.
The other inhabitants of the island were mice. They had jumped ship from the sealers who came to Marion in the 1800s, and in summer they got to plague proportions. Once, I returned from a walk around the island and as I entered my radio workshop mice could be seen heading for all corners. I set up the six traps I had and before I’d finished, two of them caught a mouse each. I caught three more before I left and when I returned again 10 minutes later all the traps had been sprung. The saving grace was that we only had mice, not rats.
Marion is in the “Roaring Forties” and the weather consisted of an almost unbroken procession of low-pressure systems coming past us. There were some mountains behind the base and our accurate weather forecasting maxim was “If you can see the mountains, it’s going to rain. If you can’t see the mountains, it’s raining already…”. One day, a particularly strong low-pressure system passed right over us. I had several V and Rhombic short wave antennas and they all blew down. Working up a 10 metre swaying wooden pole trying to put tiny nuts on clamps to hold wires together, in a 40-knot wind, at about 2 degrees C, with squalls of freezing rain coming at you every few minutes, is not fun. Eventually I had a couple of the antennas up again, and went back to the base to test them. To find that our medic was very ill. Graham was the medic and the team leader, and very well liked. We got a doctor in Cape Town on the radio. He diagnosed meningitis, not the best thing to deal with on an isolated island without a medic. A navy ship was dispatched to pick Graham up and take him back, but this took a few days, so an SA Air Force Hercules was sent down to drop us some urgent supplies. It was foggy when it arrived, so we had to fire flares to mark the drop zone. Graham’s condition improved with a glucose drip and some antibiotics, but he was still unable to talk when the Navy ship evacuated him. It turned out he’d actually had a major stroke, and had “locked in” syndrome – the film/book The Diving Bell and the Butterfly gives a good account of this. He can only communicate by blinking and is unable to talk. He still lives in Cape Town and has some incredible pieces of technology to make his very difficult condition easier to cope with.
The navy ship had brought a replacement medic, I got the rest of my antennas up, and our lives settled down again. Our communications with the mainland were two short wave transceivers – they only had 100-W outputs, but each also had a 1-KW PA (Power Amplifier) using a large valve (“tube” for you statesiders) in class C, with switched capacitors and motorised inductors which could be preset-tuned for all the frequencies we used. Usually they worked in FSK via a fiendishly complicated thing called an “Autospec,” which converted our 5-bit teleprinter code into a 10-bit Hamming code with forward error correction which helped get the met data (and our letters) through when radio conditions were not good. On Sundays, however, I’d set the radio to SSB voice mode and we could make phone calls via a phone patch on the mainland. One Sunday, we were half-way through our calls when one of the guys, Justin, came out looking worried. “The transmitter made a loud bang”, he said, “but I could still hear the guy I was calling and he could still hear me. There’s a bit of a funny smell, too.” I went and checked. The PA had tripped but the 100-W exciter was still getting through ok--we were lucky the conditions were good that day. I made my call and a couple of others did theirs, and then I shut down and opened up the PA. What I saw was the last thing I’d expected. Between the anode of the valve and the chassis was a very dead and well-cooked mouse. He’d managed to squeeze in through a small gap in the shielding (which I thereafter wired closed) obviously thinking that this was a nice warm place for a nap.
Not a really high tech story and didn’t require great fault-finding skills I’m afraid, but certainly one of the most unusual faults I have ever had to fix!
David Ashton on David Ashton: I’m not sure what I am….. I was born in London, UK, raised and trained and worked in Rhodesia, then Zimbabwe, and I now live in Australia. (So I’m a Pom-Rhodie-Zimbo-Aussie??) Work-wise it's much the same. I have run electronics labs and managed telecoms centres, run my own comms business, and I am now working as a telecoms specialist keeping a large comms network going. I’m a jack of all trades, and yes, admit I’m master of none, but I kinda like it that way. It makes it difficult to get bored.
Wow! David, you have the makings of the perfect mousetrap. Patent this, and all the world's mice will beat a path to your door (or something like that).
Seriously, another good story. I've pulled cockroaches from between relay contacts, but never had a mouse problem like yours. Also interesting to learn that there is more than one Prince Edward Island in the world (another is in Canada).
Enjoyed the read.
Thanks Glen. Back in Zim I fixed a lot of radios for the locals in my youth, and cockroaches were a major problem. So I started charging extra per cockroach (and more extra for live ones!). Then I got radios full of insect powder...
We got pretty inventive on Marion with mousetraps. Good one was an empty food tin (about 18 inches high, 10 inches square, with a round lid about 8 in diameter on top. Balance a bit of old plank on top, with a tasty morsel at the end. Mouse comes along, goes to tasy morsel, overbalances plank and into the tin. Take plank and squash them (not pleasant but if you let them go they come back again...).
I think there are cheaper traps than 1kw PAs....
(Replying to original post to prevent text area shrinkage)
Another impressive point of your story is that you froze your butt getting those antennae back up to get comm to the outside world, right when Graham needed this the most. Your's was a very important job....
Glen...as an aside, I now have a Win XP PC going and it does much better on the threads and does not lose text at the edge. Still struggling with it though (NVIDIA support....grrrr)
I only learned Graham was ill when I went back in to the base after getting one of the antennas back up. But I must admit I was relieved when it worked...as you say we really did need it.
I said I had the best job on the base....when things were working. When they weren't - be it water feeds freezing, things needed moving, antenna blowing down or guys getting sick - everyone pitched in and helped. I had one of the other guys passing me bits and pulling for me when I was up the pole. It's teamwork - and fortunately we had a really good team, which made life easier for everyone.
Graham - when he was team leader - set a really good example. He'd go down to the food store by himself and start sorting stuff. Then someone else would go down for something and start helping. eventually half the guys would be there and the job would get done in no time.
I'd recommend something like this to anyone as the best way you can spend a year. You learn so much - about yourself, living with other people and all kinds of other stuff. I actually tried to go back recently but I'm now diabetic and they wouldn't take me :-(. So if you're young and healthy - just do it!
I cannot resist making a silly post. A couple weeks ago I posted how some of the recent article titles resemble old songs.
Same for this article - please bear with me and enjoy the attempt at humour. David, maybe you'll sing this the next time you hoist a pint.
What's that short in my PA?
What's that short in my PA?
What's that short in my PA?
Cried the fair young maiden.
It's only a mouse that got too clouse,
said Barnacle Bill the Sailor!
My grandmother had a very soft spot for her bantam hens which would walk around anywhere they wanted - including in the house.
When one nested in the back of a valve radio it was left there to hatch out its brood and nobody was allowed to turn the radio on for fear of overheating the eggs or starting a fire.
Since WW2 was on at the time, the family would get on horses and ride 5 miles to the neighbour every noon for the news.
When a friend of mine went to Marion, the major pastime was hunting cats. The cats, which had been release to control the mice, were instead killing off the burrowing petrels and needed to be controlled.
I didn't mention the cats - as another poster remarked, my story was long enough already....
When I was there they had introduced a cat flu virus and we saw a fair few sickly and dead cats as a result of this. However as usual some of them were immune and bred up the population again. They also tried shooting them - we had a couple of guys on Marion doing just that - but 2 guys to cover over 100 square Km just doesn't work. When was your friend there?
Ref the hens - nice story...
As the guy in Monty Python's "And now for something completely different" would say "This post is getting silly...."
So how about this
Hickory, Dickory, Dock
The mouse he got a shock
The arc struck on
The mouse was gone
Hickory, Dickory, Dock
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.