I am a loyal Nokia mobile phone user and as a European I am pleased to see the company has got itself back into profit. But reading the small print of the company's fourth quarter financial results tells me that things are still not looking good for the former mobile phone market leader, and particularly for its flagship Lumia smartphone.
Having been the poster person for European consumer-facing technology for the best part of two decades Nokia's fall from grace as the number one phone company was rapid and spectacular. Nokia has now been bewildered and beleaguered for a couple of years having been beaten to the punch by Apple with the iPhone and Google by way of umpteen Android phone suppliers. But now, lo, it has produced a profitable set of financial results for the fourth quarter 2012.
The Finnish company said it made a net profit of 202 million euro (about $270 million) in the fourth quarter of 2012 but revenue fell 20 percent to 8 billion euro (about $10.7 billion) from 10 billion euro (about $13.4 billion) from the same quarter a year before.
So basically in 4Q12 Nokia sold 86.3 million phones down 24 percent on the same quarter a year before but up sequentially by 4 percent. A lot of the upside in the results is attributable to the communications infrastructure division, Nokia Siemens Networks, and if you look at the detail is it noticeable in the year-on-year comparison that smart device sales plunged by 55 percent from 2.747 billion euro to 1.225 billion euro. In unit terms sales went from 19.6 million in 4Q11 to 6.6 million units in 4Q12, according to the Nokia figures.
Strangely in its commentary the company said that it shipped 15.9 million smartphones of which 9.3 million Asha smartphones were classified as mobile phones and the remainder was 4.4 million Lumia phones and 2.2 million Symbian smartphones. Equally telling was the fact that Nokia's volumes of Lumia were constrained by supply shortages, which have continued into the first quarter of 2013, the company said.
Nokia didn't say whether the constraints are to do with shortages of processors, memory, glass, or some pesky connector. But it may reflect that when you are number one in a market you can throw your volume ordering weight around. Now that Nokia has slipped down the rankings it may well be that suppliers are saying: "Sorry Nokia but we have to look after Samsung and Apple. We will get round to you soon."
The other problem for Nokia is that I am almost certainly due an upgrade from my mobile phone service provider. And I can't be bothered to get one. After all it is just a phone and a smartphone is just a phone with graphics. And certainly I do not crave a Lumia smartphone in particular.
While one person's lack of brand loyalty except by default may not be a problem, I suspect there could be tens of millions of users like me and that would be a problem. And those that are not like me, the technofiles who must have the latest and most fashionable phone, have probably already got the Samsung Galaxy SIII.
Today's generation drink wine instead of scotch or brandy. If it lasts longer than 5 years, it would be seen as old. Nokia, a success brand of the decades, becomes a double edged sword that cut through them. The fact is there will always be old brand. Apple will become an old man brand 10 years later if not 5.
The rebranding is a challenge. I do hope Nokia can get through it.
You should probably say the followings to your son, "Son, you should have studied for the truth. Compared to iPhone5 which is the most popular smartphone in US, Lumia 920 has higher ppi (332 vs 326), NFC built-in vs none, much more environmental friendly than not environmental friendly because Apple does not support the mandate EN40-2009 which is accepted by all smartphone (for most feature phones too) OEMs, bigger screen size than the pity 4" hence less strain to your pretty eyes, Nokia was insightful to acquire Navteq (one of the two world's largest map companies) in CY2007 and arguably possess the most complete map database vs Apple's convoluted Apple Maps. Besides, son, Nokia's CEOs never told you how you should hold the smartphone with the intention to deceive you of a fault of the antenna design. So, Nokia's products should be trusted, if not more, than Apple's, at the very least!"
My teenaged son asked me what sort of phone I thought Bill Gates would have. I said probably a Nokia, becuase it runs Windows. "A Nokia!?! That's an old man's phone!" he said in much the same tone of voice as if I'd suggested Bill Gates drove a Kia.
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for todays commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.