As the global economy recovers, the technology sector has seen a welcome lift in business conditions so far in 2010, setting the stage for new design opportunities for engineers across a diverse set of expanding markets in 2011. Demand for a wide array of digital devices means that advancements in analog technology – in particular data conversion – is rapidly changing to meet new market requirements. In its mid-year 2010 data converter report, research firm Databeans Inc. predicts the analog/digital and digital/analog converter sector (ADC, DAC) will experience annual growth of nine percent through 2015, most notably in emerging markets that require more portability and longer battery life, as well as traditional applications in which performance is defined by faster data sampling rates and/or increased dynamic range.
Whatever 2011 may bring, engineers will find that data conversion continues in many ways to define the performance of today’s digital devices by regulating the quality, quantity and speed of information that passes between the analog and digital domains. From audio and video functions in consumer electronics to wireless base stations to deep-space instrumentation, data conversion is playing a key role in the success of these devices and missions.
For example, data conversion is the key to enabling higher fidelity audio, improved on-camera video displays and a variety of capacitive (touch) sensing options--developments that are being fueled by the continuing boom of the iPad, iPhone, and a host of other personalized, handheld gadgets and smartphone-enabled devices.
Rather than increasing power budgets, however, such new and improved features will be accompanied by a continued reduction in energy consumption. This seemingly dichotomous trend will play out for the foreseeable future driven not only by battery-powered consumer goods but also by the trend toward portability in devices as diverse as handheld ultrasound equipment and smart water meters. Even non-portable, power-line devices are not immune to this seismic shift as today’s market environment emphasizes “green” designs that address the global mandate for energy conservation, lower overall system power, and reduced cost of operation and ownership.
The wireless communications market will remain another key driver of data converter performance, power efficiency and calculated integration. Emerging 4G cellular networks are expected to support greater call and data volume and higher data conversion rates in order to keep pace with the exploding popularity of wireless video transmission.
At the same time, OEMs are calling for wireless infrastructure equipment that simultaneously supports multiple carriers and air-interface standards, which places a new set of demands on data converter speed, flexibility, dynamic range, noise reduction and size. Add to that the proliferation of smaller cellular networks comprised of picocell and femtocell wireless base stations, and it’s clear that the future of high-speed converters in this market will be defined by lower power consumption combined with faster sampling rates and more usable bandwidth at higher intermediate frequencies.
While the power efficiency mandate is asserting itself in markets that historically cared much more about raw data converter performance, OEMs serving the industrial, instrumentation, aerospace and defense electronics industries additionally continue to require rugged, robust converters for applications that must withstand harsh operating environments. On one end of the spectrum, designers are looking for high-performance, innovative data conversion solutions for medical, energy, communications and other devices.
On the other, engineers are unwilling to trade off on reliability, especially in industrial and scientific applications where system repairs may be difficult or impossible. The ability to provide not only the converters but to understand and recommend solutions to meet these diverse needs is increasingly important. Analog Devices, for example, collaborates with customers to provide exceptionally high data conversion accuracy in monitoring and measurement equipment that may be used in extraterrestrial exploration, as in the case of the Mars Phoenix Lander, or that are permanently buried under kilometers of South Polar ice, as with the University of Wisconsin’s IceCube Neutrino Observatory project IceCube Neutrino Observatory.
Regardless of the end application—whether performance is defined by speed, power efficiency or precision sensing and measurement—data conversion technology will remain a core ingredient for defining the quality of the end user’s digital experience.
About the authors
is the marketing and applications director for the precision converter group at Analog Devices, Inc. in Limerick, Ireland. He has worked for the company for 10 years and is involved with product and business development strategy for precision analog-to-digital converters. James received his Masters in Engineering from the University of Limerick, Ireland, MBA from Henley Management College and Diploma in Law from the University of London, United Kingdom. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
is a senior converter applications engineer working in the high-speed converter group at Analog Devices, Inc. in Greensboro, NC. He has worked for the company since 1998, and is responsible for development and support on high-speed analog-to-digital converters. Rob received his MSEE and BSEE from Northern Illinois University in DeKalb, IL. He can be reached at email@example.com.