It was a pretty strong showing for Avago, a provider of analog and mixed-signal chips. Except that Avago is not a fabless company. The firm maintains three small compound semiconductor fabs—one each in Colorado, Singapore and Malaysia.
Avago's inclusion in the fabless chip vendor ranking was not an oversight. IC Insights says it counts any company that receives the majority of its finished wafer supply from foundries as a fabless company.
No disrespect intended here to IC Insights. The firm's research and forecasts are as valuable and on the money as any market researcher. And all such firms bend and morph classifications in order to generate meaningful comparisons, feeding our competitive human nature by enabling us to see definitively who were the winners and losers in the great race for success in any endeavor. IC Insights' point is that a chip firm that maintains only a very small portion of its manufacturing in-house has more in common with fabless firms than with IDMs, even those with fab-lite models.
It's just that, in an industry chock full of nebulous terms, "fabless" is a welcome oasis of clarity. It's one of those words that defines itself at its face. In the English language, the suffix "less" means "without." Thus, a penniless man has no pennies. A worthless document has no worth. A spotless floor has no spots. And so on.
Bill McClean, principal analyst at IC Insights, says there is precedent for flexibility with the term fabless. According to McClean, Zarlink has a small compound semi fab but is considered a fabless company. McClean maintains that it is a rare case that calls for a company that is not strictly fabless to be lumped in with the fabless camp. It mostly involves companies with small compound semiconductor fabs that are not producing ICs, McClean said, adding that it makes no sense for a company to attempt to produce a large amount of CMOS devices that represent less than 10 percent of its total sales.
Of course, times change, and classifications often have to change along with them. IC Insights bending the definition of fabless might well portend things to come. Certainly, if current trends continue, most—if not all—of the IDMs that have moved to fab-lite models in recent years will eventually buy more wafers from foundries than they will produce in-house. And let's say that, through merger or other circumstance, a company comes into existence that has 95 percent of its products build by TSMC and the like but for some proprietary technology reason maintains a single small fab to produce specialized parts. What would you consider that?
It may be time to start thinking about a new class of hybrid firm. We've got the soup-to-nuts IDMS, the fab-lite companies that run their own fabs but outsource some manufacturing to foundries, and fabless companies (until very recently self explanatory). Perhaps there is room for, and need for, a new term to describe a hybrid approach where a company outsources the bulk of manufacturing but keeps just a little bit for itself.
I like terms that are meaningful (full of meaning) and fabless should mean: not having any fab capacity. Not that I enjoy adding to the nomenclature at all, I would suggest that companies that have some fab capacity but under the magic 50% line be called fablite. Just my hopeful 2-cents worth.
thank you @docdivakar, cool to know that I am a AaaS provider ;-)...and I will let my daughter know that she is car sourcing...not sure whether she will actually care, but should know after holidays! Kris
@iniewski: when your daughter borrows your car, she is actually car-sourcing, neither car-less nor car-lite! To borrow today's buzz words, you are actually a provider of AaaS (automobile as a service!).
Seriously, fab-, fab-less, etc., these distinctions (or lack of it) are getting to be drag. If a company's wafer products are built 50 to 100% using its own fab, it is an semiconductor IDM. Anything less (than 49% to Zero) would be categorized as fab-less in my opinion.
If it makes you feel any better, my daughter is just about getting her license, so I will soon be a provider of AaaS!
Dr. MP Divakar
I think fab, fab-lite, and fab-less are probably just fine if you define percentages as 100%, less than 100%, less than 50%. Not sure that introducing another class is helpful...someone can be car-less but occasionally rent a car...when my daughter borrows my car is she car-less or car-lite? ;-) Kris
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.