Every once in a while, we write about the ups and downs of the H-1B visa, which enables U.S. companies to hire foreign workers for certain types of jobs (engineering positions are usually the most relevant for the high-tech industry).
But, the other day, while I was browsing The Wall Street Journal, my wheels started spinning when I read a storyabout a foreign-born software executive who came to the U.S. with a J-2 visa associated with his wife's academic research exchange program. He founded a company in San Francisco in 2010, now employs 15 people, and was rejected for an H-1B visa. Really? A guy who's creating legitimate high-tech jobs can't stay in the U.S. because of a problem with a stamp in his passport?
The plus side is that the executive is trying to get an E-2 visa. Have you heard about this kind of visa? I hadn't, but was glad to learn about it. At first glance, it looks as if it could not only help high-tech companies and foreign-born entrepreneurs: I think, if it's handled well, it could be the wide-scale jumpstart America needs to get out its unemployment slump. At the very least, it could empower immigrants--many of whom got visas to study at American universities and nurture their entrepreneurial spirits--to remain here and build their businesses in the U.S., thus slowing the brain drain of smart, risk-taking entrepreneurs who are stuck in immigration limbo and may be forced to take their brilliant ideas out of the U.S. and back to their home countries.
The E-2 visa, commonly referred to as the "startup visa," would be for investors from countries that have a treaty to do business with the U.S., have invested a substantial amount in a company, and are in the country to "develop and direct" that business, according to the WSJ article cited above. Lately, more high-tech and corporate leaders and advocacy groups are urging Congress to pass the Startup Act 2.0 bill, a piece of legislation introduced by Sen. Jerry Moran (R-KS) and co-sponsored by a bipartisan group, including senators Mark Warner (D-VA) and Marco Rubio (R-FL).
The updated bill calls for immigration law changes, including the addition of a new visa that permits foreign-born entrepreneurs to stay legally in the U.S., "if they can raise $100,000 in capital and hire at least two American workers during their first year holding the visa," the newspaper said. There would be 75,000 of these entrepreneurial visas available, if the bill passes, and they would include startups in any industry, not just high-tech.
Here are my comments on the start up act -
Regarding the foreign-born software executive - his best action is to leave US, since he has to deal with so much scrutiny.
The problem with the ENTIRE visa program is the "bait and switch" aspect of the visas.
Corporate America, their sock-puppet political allies, and the corporate media propose one visa but then corporate America uses the visa in unadvertised and supposedly unintended ways.
For instance, the H-1B visa is advertised as a visa for "highly skilled" workers, when in fact the GAO has found that 94% of the recipients of H-1B visas are not even "Fully Competent."
In 2011, the GAO produced a report for Congress that concluded that a mere 6% of recipients of H-1B visas are "Fully Competent" with 54% of the recipients of the H-1B visa being "Entry Level" workers. As a matter of fact, many disenfranchised US STEM workers had to train their replacements.
Clearly, corporate America is training the recipients of these H-1B visas. Instead of training foreign workers, we should be training the 50% of recent college grads who have yet to receive full time employment. Instead of training foreign workers, we should be updating the skills of disenfranchised US STEM workers.
But what do we hear from the corporations, the political sock-puppets, the corporate media, and the organizations who are chartered to represent the interests of the US STEM worker (like the IEEE and the IEEE-USA)? We hear more anecdotes that support methods for accelerating the hiring of more cheap, entry level, third world workers, primarily from India and Communist China, that will displace and disenfranchise even more US STEM workers.
This is too logical. Instead, we have to think in terms of what greases the skids of politicians. And we come up an administration that advertizes availablility of food stamps, via foreign embassies and consulates, as a way to attract immigrants.
It's more important to think in terms of what gets you the votes, evidently.
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.