HAKONE, Japan – As Japan’s ailing electronics manufacturers continue to lay off engineers by the thousands, the next move here is a focus of intense speculation around the global electronics industry.
Pontificating doom and gloom for Japan from afar is easy. Harder is to gather together a number of Japanese engineers -- all working at competing electronics companies -- in one room and actually ask them straight questions. What do they think has gone wrong, and what do they believe will be the fate of their employers, their jobs and the whole shootin’ match?
It took a Chinese-American CEO running a design service company in Shanghai to pull that off.
Wayne Dai, CEO of VeriSilicon, invited this past weekend (April 20) a dozen Japanese engineers who hold positions (or previously held positions) at rival companies such as Sony, Renesas, NEC, Hitachi, Panasonic, Fujitsu and MegaChips for a weekend retreat in Hakone -- roughly a two-hour train/cab ride from Tokyo. Also invited were VeriSilicon board members including Clark Jernigan, a venture partner at Austin Ventures, and Marco Landi, former chief operating officer at Apple Inc.
For Dai, once a professor of computer engineering at the University of California at Santa Cruz, the mission of his “Japanese Semiconductor Executive Forum” in Hakone was plain and simple. He wanted to probe the future of Japan’s electronics industry through the eyes of “open-minded Japanese engineers,” as he put it. He encouraged everyone who attended to think and speak freely as individuals, not as corporate spokesmen. Dai sought from his guests, before concluding the retreat, a consensus on five “specific” predictions -- what will happen to Japan’s electronics industry -- in precise language.
That he and his group did.
I was invited as a speaker and a participant -- on one condition. Although I’m allowed to report on the Forum, I agreed not to attribute quotes to any participant by name. Seeing a rare opportunity for a reporter to be a fly in the wall, this stipulation was a no-brainer. But I did exchange business cards with every participant, so I can be sure whom I’m not quoting.
Not everyone originally invited was able to make it to the event, however. An engineer at Fujitsu Semiconductor had to be elsewhere, to discuss his early retirement package with his employer. [Fujitsu has decided to shed 2,000 employees before spinning off its SoC business into a joint fabless design company with Panasonic.] An engineer at Panasonic also begged off, citing personal reasons.
Everyone who came had already given a lot of thought to what’s gone wrong with Japan’s electronics industry.
A Sony engineer observed that the decline of Japan’s SoC business comes down to one thing. “The whole SoC business model has changed to ‘turnkey solutions.’” Japanese semiconductor companies, without a turnkey solution, have no choice but to provide semi-custom SoCs to high-end CE manufacturers whose market share is shrinking. “We’ve been squeezed,” he said.
I agree with this. How can someone be creative when the work culture itself is sapping their creativity? The purpose of work should be to support one's family, not to completely overshadow it.
I notice I often get my most creative ideas not while I am at work, but when my mind is relaxing on the way home, when I can actually muse about certain things.
Consciousness evolved as part of a mechanism to more effectively interact with the organisms environment. Consciousness becomes heightened when when it becomes apparent that not all is working as one would want or expect.
Language evolved as one means to help interact with one's environment in social situations.
It's not unique to Japan. Things are changing and there's more discussion.
The US, and all of Western Europe. The reason is simple economics, really. If these western countries bring manufacturing back, it's because the manufacturing will mostly be done by robot machines. The next hurdle will be design, as those occupations migrate elsewhere too.
The hard part has always been the same, ever since the Industrial Revolution. In short, how do the displaced workers add value to society, once their previous occupations become extinct?
That's why you have to keep reinventing yourself, as a country but also as an individual engineer.
The most surprising thing in this article was the notion that Japanese engineers were gathered together and encouraged "to think and speak freely as individuals, not as corporate spokesmen," and that they did so. A generation ago, that might have been the most difficult part of the task.
I don't disagree with the system view at all. It seems clear, though, that if countries are viewed as components of that system, their function has to be allowed to change over time.
It sounds to me like Japan Inc. is attempting to remain where it was in the 1970s and 1980s, wrt consumer electronics. Or at least, that's what the frequent articles on EE Times keep suggesting. And I keep responding that Europe and the US have been through the same shift that Japan perhaps is fighting, and even China and South Korea are not immune to this evolution.
At the bottom of it is, competitiveness for providing individual functions, in this global system, changes constantly. If you're competitve in manufacturing today, you will not necessarily remain competitive tomorrow, because your standard of living may have changed.
Understand. But if your key customers are Japanese CE companies who don't need turnkey solutions but instead demand more tweaks and customizations, you could have totally missed the overwhelming trend in the global market.
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.