Over the past few years, we here at EE Times have joined up with Digi-Key and Microchip on a series of student design challenges. Our intent was to inspire middle and high school students to learn about electronics and how to use a microcontroller to control colorful light-emitting diodes. Truth be told, we were unexpectedly inspired by the hard-working teachers and parents (some of whom were just learning about electronics themselves) who led the initiatives at their schools.
Hopefully, some of these great mentors will have changed the course of education for some students.
In fact, whether they were entry-level or more advanced, students described the great learning experience they had. As one fifth grader noted on the entry form: "During the LED club I have learned a lot about lights and electricity. Before I didn't know that you had to have a way for the electricity to go in and out. I learned about resisters that slow down the flow of electricity. I also learned that the bigger the resister, the more it slows down the flow of electricity. I learned how to make an LED light up. I learned that LED stands for light emitting diode, not little electrical device."
Competing teams -- ranging from fifth to twelfth graders -- received a free materials kit containing all the electronic parts needed for a project (although some chose to augment the BOM.) At the conclusion of the contest, each team had to submit a description and photos of their project, circuit schematics, code, additional drawings and photos showing their progress, and an optional video of the entry in action.
Here, we present a compilation of some of the incredible ways that students incorporated LEDs into a design -- from a roller coaster to a fun house, and even an electric guitar.
Click on the schematic to start the slideshow.
LED Christmas Tree and Star
LED Christmas Tree and Star: The LED Christmas Tree and Star project designed by The Spectacular Seven, a team of students from Oak Canyon Junior High in Lindon, Utah, won first place in the EE Times/IGEN Community Pride LED Contest. It features a small tree made from PVC piping, festooned with flashing LEDs on the branches and a star on the top, with a 7-segment display counting down to the New Year. The project uses not one but two microcontrollers, one each for the tree and the star.
Student notes: When we started this project as a group of friends, we had no idea how challenging it would be. We didnít even know what 'LED' stood for. Now we know all about light-emitting diodes, resistors, the difference between NPN and PNP transistors, and much more. We learned how to measure voltage, program lights, solder, and how to use quality control. No one in our group really could have pulled this off on their own. It took a lot of "boring" videos, whiteboard diagrams, and lots of notes to scratch the surface of understanding the LEDs.
We wanted to control all of the LEDs individually from the microcontroller so that we could do some fun light patterns. After counting the LEDs (32 of them) we found that we did not have enough control lines from the microcontroller. We discussed ideas and learned about a way to multiplex. Each of the eight branch levels would be tied to eight transistors on one side and each of the four sides of the tree would be tied to four more transistors. We also learned about persistence of vision that helped us to have more than one LED appear to be on at a time.
The programming of the lights was the most challenging part of the project. Only a little part of the programming system is tangible. From going from our heads to the lights on the tree, there are many steps to take. First, identify every light. In order to know which light is which, every one needs a name. Second, create a sequence. A sequence is a binary code that turns certain lights on (1) or off (0). Third, type the sequence patterns into the computer.
This is just too darned cute! I'm impressed with the hand-drawn schematics, which take me back to when I was about 10 or 11, and I decided to dissect my tape recorder to figure out how it worked. I ended up with a schematic showing the guts of the machine, which, thankfully, still worked after I put it back together. That further inspired me to build a Heathkit receiver that -- half a century later -- still sits in a box in my basement somewhere. There is no question in my mind that several of these kids will go on to tackle other projects in electrical engineering.
A lost art indeed. The hand-drawn schematics bring back memories. My wires weren't much straighter or any more parallel than these. Luckily, accuracy counted more than geometric perfection. Nice to see kids doing these projects.
I like how all the students featured here did something that represented their state or local area. It kind of reminds me of the state fair or county fairs and how as a kid you would enter something and get a ribbon. (Like entering your chicken or pig.) Does anyone know if the county fairs have an electronics section?
I once had an intership at the California State Fair media relations office. I can say for sure there was no electronics section then. Not sure about now, but I kind of doubt it. But I agree with your sentiment. The fact that they did something to represent their area is fair-esque.
I actually enjoyed every slide and video shown here! Each demo comes with an initial sensation and pride: "Look, what we've done!" I loved the Les Paul guitar thing (image 4). But of course now that I live in Wisconsin, obviously, Lambeau Field demo gets my vote.
If anyone is interested in the build instructions for any of these projects, we have most of the detail - reply to me here and let me know which project(s) you are interested in. They would be fun projects for the Fall season leading up to the holidays.
The fact that these were done by teams does make them vey impressive indeed. And the Edison Engineers keeping a good lab notebook, and realizing what collaboration really consists of, is a very big lesson indeed. So this was an excellent learning project for all of the teams. Better than the university team that did a project for my company a few years back. And I don't think the materials were that very expensive, so it is something that can be done again and again.
And hopefully the exposure to actual engineering, and building a project that works, will encourage some to persue an engineering career.
I was lucky - and honoured - to be a judge on the last IGEN LED challenge which was organised by Naomi Price (she's in the video). Some of the projects I judged are here, some are not familiar so are maybe from other years, but the level of commitment and innovations shown by some of these kids was outstanding. It was VERY difficult to pick a winner, only made slightly easier by the fact that there were several categories to award in.
I have a hand-drawn schematic of a small project I have been working on in front of me now (it's been waiting for me to do a nice one and design a PCB for weeks now) and it is not much different from some of the ones shown. Ya gotta start somewhere with everything.....
But a search on IGEN does not uncover much on this site, apart from the above video. Has it been canned, along with the people who ran it? There are lots of articles about STEM education and teaching on the site, surely EETimes should be at the forefront of encouraging kids to take up engineering in this way? If it gets going again I'd be happy to give some of my non-existent spare time to helping with it.