PORTLAND, Ore. -- Amorphous, poly- and crystalline silicon differ in the organization of their atomic lattices; the more organized, the higher the performance. Epitaxial silicon, with its perfect crystalline lattices, is required for high-end chips. Until now, such performance was unavailable for organic semiconductors.
Researchers at the Energy Department's Oak Ridge National Laboratory claim to have demonstrated epitaxial growth in polymers, foreshadowing a plastic chip process that could combine the high speed of silicon with the low cost of plastic.
The conductive polymer called Pedot (polythiophene) is already widely used in LEDs, displays and solar cells, but not in a crystalline form. Oak Ridge researchers said demonstrating epitaxial growth of Pedot will lead to improved, inexpensive organic semiconductors with much better energy efficiency and performance.
To create its epitaxial Pedot, the researchers patterned a crystalline copper surface. The copper template enforced the perfect alignment of the Pedot atoms on the template. After a first seed layer was formed, the subsequent layers grew perfectly above them. The researchers predicted that the technique also could be applied to other organic semiconductors.
@Sanjib.Acharya -- Organic LED's are used extensively in displays and have been commercially available for quite some time. Polymer (organic) flexible solar cells are being actively researched and show promise, but I don't believe they are currently commercially available. This link may be useful: http://sciencewatch.com/ana/hot/phy/10mayjun-phy/
Very interesting! Are the components such as LEDs, displays and solar cells made out of the conductive polymers commercially available? Could somebody point me to the website of a company which makes such components out of organic semiconductors? What are the advantages of the organic semiconductors vs. the traditional semiconductors?
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.