PORTLAND, Ore. -- Graphene, which promises to solve many problems as silicon design rules approach the atomic scale, performs better when these pure carbon devices are made smaller. The catch is that at the nanoscale level, features must have atomic accuracy, including near perfect edges and monolayers.
The Energy Department's Oak Ridge National Laboratory is creating a set of tools for fabricating perfect graphene sheets, including the recent finding that electron radiation prevents connections between monolayers.
Oak Ridge researchers used supercomputers to simulate the fabrication of graphene using quantum molecular dynamics. In the process, scientists claim to have uncovered a new method of fabricating perfect edges and monolayers in graphene.
Researchers reported last year on a method called Joule heating, that uses an electric current to trim graphene edges to perfection, albeit at the expense of creating structural loops that make connections between monolayers. Using quantum molecular dynamics in their supercomputer simulations, an intermediate step in the edge-formation process was discovered. The researchers harnessed that step to perfect the fabrication method.
The group now reports that using electron irradiation during the edge formation process prevents loops between layers from forming.
I am a little confused. The title seems to imply a manufacturing improvement but inside I see reference to supercomputers which makes me think this might be a theoretical result (obviously simulations are frequently required to make good experiments). Does anyone know any details of this development?...Kris
I believe that ORNL actually made a reference using the generic term "electron irradiation." As discussed at our story below, the researchers used a TEM microscope to deliver the electrons. See http://ceramics.org/ceramictechtoday/nanomaterials/electron-irradiation-to-minimize-loops-in-graphene/
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.