SAN FRANCISCO—Intel Corp.'s 4004—regarded as the world's first commercially available microprocessor—made its debut 40 years ago Tuesday (Nov. 15).
Intel (Santa Clara, Calif.) said in a statement commemorating the anniversary that today's second-generation Intel Core processors offer more than 350,000 times the performance of the 4004. Each of the second-generation Core transistors uses about 5,000 times less energy than the 4004's, Intel said.
Since the introduction of the 4004 on Nov. 15, 1971, the price of a transistor has declined by a factor of about 50,000, Intel said.
To celebrate 40 years of microprocessor innovation—and look ahead to the next 40 years—Intel has complied a collection of photos, video interviews, opinion pieces and a number of info graphics and other materials. This archive is available on Intel's website.
Future microprocessors developed on Intel's next-generation 22-nm manufacturing process—due out next year—will deliver better energy efficiency based on the company's tri-gate transistors, according to Intel. These new transistors will usher in the next era of Moore's Law, making possible new innovations, according to Intel.
“The sheer number of advances in the next 40 years will equal or surpass all of the innovative activity that has taken place over the last 10,000 years of human history,” said Justin Rattner, Intel's chief technology officer, in a statement.
I can still remember when a tech rep from SCHWEBER ELECTRONICS in Westbury, NY came into our facility armed w/ development kits for the new 4004. And, then several of us went to their facility to gain more insight into this "new world" of computer processing power.
“The sheer number of advances in the next 40 years will equal or surpass all of the innovative activity that has taken place over the last 10,000 years of human history,”
I don't believe that. Apart from electronics and internet, the world is not much different from 40 years ago.
Even in electronics the pace has slowed down. The first 10 years of micros was radically different from the last ten. It is very hard to make progress when you're up against the laws of physics. That is why I think x86, and Intel, have pretty much gone as far as they can and ARM will push them out.
The biggest changes are political changes. Previously third world nations are on the rise.
China now has manned space capability and USA does not.
German and Indian companies now own British automotive brands.
Great history. In India the micro controllers were introduced in the education sector lately.So i recall how i learned 8085 to start with.This was just 12 hours time with the Goyankar's book. A beautifull and happy learning for me.
To be an innovator and to remain leader for 40 years is certainly a great achievement and Intel has kept the pace of innovation constant. The x86 architecture though not one of the best among its peers when it was first introduced has survived the test of time and the continuous progress in micro electronics has made the devices more and more powerful and less &less priced.
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