Big data refers to the flood of data generated not only by the Web but also by embedded sensors, video and social networking. While the construct differs from cloud services, both are being driven
the ubiquity of data delivered by mobile devices and sensors linked to
the emerging cloud ecosystem.
The authors of the Berkeley study
stressed that the phrase “cloud computing” is overused and has been
drained of meaning by marketers. The researchers define it as a platform
for delivering “computing services – data storage, computation and
networking – to users at the time, to the location and in the quantity
they wish to consume, with costs based only on the resources used.”
that is needed to tap into cloud computing is an Internet connection.
For companies, cloud services “transform computing from a capital
expense to an operating expense,” the study found.
By contrast, the
numerous data centers created by cloud services providers like Amazon,
Google and Microsoft cost more than $500 million each, the authors
noted. Hence, these providers are increasingly likened to utilities
operating a critical new national infrastructure.
power of the cloud infrastructure rests with “the dynamic allocation of
resources and the ‘illusion’ of infinite scale,” the study found.
Indeed, it is the value delivered by cloud services that has prompted
researchers to tout it as the next big engine of economic growth. “Cloud
providers are competing on value-based differentiation on attributes
such as service level and functionality,” the Berkeley study concludes.
what does all this mean for reviving U.S. manufacturing and economic
In the foundry era, what can be designed and
what can be manufactured have emerged as a critical question for chip
makers. “The answer is not constant,” Zysman said. “It changes with who
the competitors are, what the tools are that can be made available.”
tech companies are being forced to decide whether they are producing a
“strategic asset or a vulnerable commodity,” Zysman said. For example,
Ericsson brought its semiconductor design for smartphones in-house
because the design itself became the product.
In a forthcoming
book with Georgia Tech researcher Dan Breznitz, Zysman will argue that
“we’re watching competition increasingly by phases of production rather
by sectors,” as he put it in the interview. For instance, product design often remains in Silicon
Valley, then Apple scales production at places like its iPhone and iPad
manufacturing lines at China’s Foxconn. “So the old notion of clusters
takes on a different meaning,” Zysman said. “It’s not clusters around
sectors [but] clusters around phases of production.”
longstanding concerns over the decline of western manufacturing, Zysman
stressed that not all is lost. When determining where the real value,
or intellectual property, resides in products like the iPhone, “the
value is in the West,” he stressed. Retaining IP doesn’t translate into
more value-added manufacturing jobs, however. “That’s an [income
distribution] issue because that [value] doesn’t go to the workforce.
That goes to the stock value of Apple,” Zysman noted. “It doesn’t change
the income distribution issues for workers.”
http://www.manucloud-project.eu is another example. I believe that our only survival is in patents , carbon footprint tax, disclosure statement on social responsibility by Global companies. Manufactured products will have to be supplied through the provision of services where product-service at the end of their life cycle will have to be fully recycled. You can also motivate consumers and politicians in buying local if you fund their retirement or healthcare through that schema ... no motivation no result !
Preserving the earth must be our major priority for green energy and energy saving and the points explained in the post are clear and all are proving . My point is that cloud computing is still not yet developed enough , though it is very advantageous for business management in term of work effectiveness and management cost ; However; since I have read some stuff about cloud computing security herein http://cloudswave.com/blog , plus some expert point of view here in the discussion, i become somewhat septic to invest in,so to what extent it is safe for data storing , so which are the best reliable companies affording quality services ,
If anything, the cloud might be the very thing industry needs to suck IT and creative jobs out of the US and spread among talented people all around the world.
It would be to IT what cheap oil prices and transportation systems are to manufacturing.
I don't see how "the cloud can usher in the next wave of technological innovation and provide a new engine for economic growth". The cloud is the latest extension and implementation of the Internet revolution. Services continue to be developed and resources provided without regard to geographical boundaries. Some economies of scale are achieved with virtualization techniques that reduce the resources required to grow capabilities. I see the cloud as an evolutionary change, not a revolutionary one.
Bob: Ex-cyber warfare czar Richard Clarke is very concerned about IP security in the cloud. See here:
Does anyone have concerns about security of IP in the cloud? Let's see: let me take a bunch of Faberge eggs, put them all into a basket located I-don't-know-where, operated by who-knows-who, and just sit back and relax. Um.
Mark Twain said that it was stupid to put all of your eggs in many different baskets, right? But he also added, "but watch that basket." This is the difficulty with the cloud: there's nothing to watch. You must depend upon unseen agencies to insure privacy and integrity of your property.
This is precisely the type of cloud application Zysman, et al, believe will give innovative tech companies in the West a competitive edge. You leverage the cloud to add value during production --Zysman argues that even services are "produced." It's not manufacturing, per se, but we probably do need to start thinking about "production" in different ways. The bottom line is that if what you are producing also produces jobs with decent wages and a future, then it's a good thing.
Your point #3 is what I was thinking of when I said "embedded intelligence and connectivity" -- Siri is a great example, getting her information from the cloud.
And to answer your question about what happens when you lose the link, I think iPhone 4s users already know. Siri says "There's a problem. Try again later."
That's a euphemism for "the Siri servers are overloaded right now and I can't get the information you asked for."
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.