SAN FRANCISCO—More evidence of the trouble facing the solar industry as subsidies dry up and intense competition continues: An executive for LDK Solar Co. Ltd. said Monday (April 30) that the photovoltaic panel manufacturer has cut more than 5,000 jobs so far this year.
In a conference call with analysts following a quarterly report in which LDK disclosed that chalked up a net loss of nearly $590 million in the fourth quarter of 2011, Jack Lai, the company's chief financial officer, said the company's most recent headcount shows LDK with 19,495 employees, 5,254 less than it had at the end of 2011.
LDK's headcount is down about 9,078 less from a high of 28,273 in July 2011, Lai said.
Lai said LDK implemented strategies to optimize its organization structure, increase productivity and align production plan with labor requirements, increasing productivity and operational efficiency. "We are essentially right sizing our production output in order to build a sustainable capacity with redundant scale to match our customers demand," Lai said.
Hamstrung by competition and decreasing demand, solar panel firms have in recent months shed thousands of jobs. Most recently, First Solar Inc. said earlier this month it would slash about 2,000 jobs and close manufacturing lines as part of a restructuring plan to reduce costs.
LDK (Xinyu City, China) reported net sales of $420.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2011, down 11 percent from the third quarter and down 54 percent from the year-ago quarter. The company reported a net loss for the quarter of $588.7 million, compared to a net loss of $114.5 million in the previous quarter and a net income of $145.2 million in the year-ago quarter.
LDK's sales for the fourth quarter came in below consensus analysts' expectations, which called for revenue of about $431 million, according to Yahoo Finance.
LDK, which postponed releasing its fourth quarter results, predicted that sales would fall even more in the first quarter of 2012, which closed last month. The company said its revenue for the first quarter was between $190 million and $230 million, well below consensus analysts' expectations of around $397 million, according to Yahoo Finance. For fiscal 2012, the company estimates that its sales would be between $2 billion and $2.7 billion.
"The solar industry experienced a tremendous supply and demand imbalance throughout the value chain during the fourth quarter," said Xiaofeng Peng, LDK's chairman and CEO, in a statement. "Our results reflected the negative effects of this dislocation in the PV market. Weak market demand and rapidly declining average selling prices reduced our revenue and adversely impacted our margins in the quarter."
Peng said LDK expected excess capacity and further policy uncertainty in Europe and the U.S. to drag on solar sales in 2012. He said LDK remains focused on driving down its cost structure and production costs.
The outcome is a normal economic cycle. When an industry is thriving, everyone wants to join. Bubble blows. When the supply goes up while the demand couldn't catch up, price goes down.
Investing in a factory requires a lot. Investors don't want to lose money. Executives don't want to lose their job. The workforce takes a hit. Layoff happens. The company shrinks. If the -ve trend cannot turn around, executives take a hit. Company may go downhill. The industry shrinks. Bubble bursts.
The government subsidy can only last so long. If the subsidized companies cannot stand on their own feet, they are going out. It becomes a game of who lasts longer, meaning which company is more efficient.
Solar energy is the new pet rock of our decade. I had a solar water heater that the govt the govt helped pay for in the 70's. When the fad wore off so did the industry, now its reborn to those who did not remember the original fad.
Again we see the negative results of mis-allocation of resources when governments artificially prop up an industry. There is too much manufacturing capacity and thus very large sums of capital that could have been allocated to productive purposes. Governments caused the bubble, just as government caused the mortgage crisis by distorting markets. How about a "sustainable solar" policy where markets decide the price and the product, and taxpayers do NOT foot the bill for the waste?
This is coupled to the crazy expansion that solar has experienced the last couple of years. World production capacity has increased massively and a lot of generic Si PV producers went full throttle in production. Led to the price collapse today and will continue quite some time. The business is ready to be reduced into a handful of big solar groups and this is the start.
Its surprising to know that solar industry is facing challenges inspite of rising crude oil prices. I think this slowdown in the solar industry is temporary and once the crude breaches the 150$ mark people will be forced to opt for solar based utilities.
Is it a warning signal to the whole PV industry? When US PV company shut down, we blame the crazy Chinese companies in cut-thoat price war. However, we are seeing Chinese company struggles as well! Is new energy still a good business to look into?
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.