Calling the technology key to the future economy, the committee
recommends "the federal government develop an integrated
initiative in photonics (similar in many respects to the
National Nanotechnology Initiative) that seeks to bring together
academic, industrial, and government researchers, managers, and
policy makers to develop a more integrated approach to managing
industrial and government photonics R&D spending and related
This national photonics initiative would be "a
collaborative effort to improve the collection and reporting of
R&D and economic data on the optics and photonics sector,
including the development of a set of North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS) codes that cover photonics; the
collection of data on employment, output, and privately funded
R&D in photonics; and the reporting of federal
photonics-related R&D investment for all federal agencies
Noting that there has been a factor-of-100 increase in
bandwidth in recent decades, the report recommends a
government-industry partnership to invent technologies to
maintain that growth rate, especially with an eye toward
solutions tightly integrating optics with electronics. "The U.S.
government, and specifically the Department of Defense, should
strive toward harmonizing optics with silicon-based electronics
to provide a new, readily accessible and usable, integrated
electronics and optics platform."
While acknowledging the challenges, the committee recommends
that the U.S. power grid achieve "parity"--in which no power
source is more expensive than another. Photonics can
provide renewable solar energy, while solid-state lighting can
help reduce the overall need for energy used for lighting.
The report also calls on the defense industry to fund optical
technologies to deliver laser communications and laser weapons
as part of an improved national security. "Practical application
for these purposes would require the deployment of low- cost
platforms supporting long dwell times," the report said.
Gopalakrishnan, who is executive technical director at the Optoelectronics Industry Development Association, estimates that about 200,000 manufacturing jobs have been lost in North America over the last ten years. (Canadian telecom equipment makers like bankrupt Nortel Networks once accounted for about 40 percent of North American optoelectronics component manufacturing prior to the telecom decline.)
Initial reaction was, not surprisingly, positive.
“This report will serve as a vital tool in making the case for
sustained investments in and adoption of optical science and technology
worldwide, as it provides specific illustrations of the technological
and economic value of optics and photonics in a variety of sectors,”
said Gregory Quarles, public policy committee chair of The Optical Society. OSA is hosting an Aug. 21 webinar to discuss the report's recommendations.
I am not sure what is so special about manufacturing of optical devices...why not robots or supercomputers? or biotechnology? if anything optical devices require precise alignment, not suitable for high cost labour force in USA...Kris
We checked, and the report contains no references to Infinera. However, this doesn't invalidate the report's conclusion that we need to revive optoelectronics manufacturing and make greater use of optoelectronics in areas like additive manufacturing.
As we have reported, optics and photonics are key areas where the U.S. should be focusing on reviving its manufacturing base. Several efforts are already underway to created "trusted" facilities for advanced optics manufacturing for sensitive applications. The National Academies' report will hopefully serve to bring more focus to these efforts while highlighting the necessity of returning at least some optics manufacturing to the U.S.
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.