Engineers have worked on various forms of vertical transistors for years, and will continue to do so. But 2012 was the year one company used them in mass production: Intel’s Ivy Bridge processors hit the market in 2012 with its 22-nm tri-gate transistor process, giving it a significant edge over other chip makers, the x86 giant claimed.
Competitors disagree, of course, many noting the doped devices create difficulties in threshold voltages. They maintain undoped FinFETs will be required to deliver the full advantage of the technology. IBM suggested it could go all the way to a 10-nm process without FinFETs, but other top chip makers including Globalfoundries and TSMC laid out plans this year showing FinFETs on their road maps.
The 100% in my question above was assumed to be visible but I'm not sure if 'illumination' would right word. By definition, 100% efficiency would reflect NO light.
You might say 'black' would be its color but 'invisible' might be closer to a correct answer, sort of a 'black hole' of sorts.
And what about us software guys? ;-) My personal hot technology are user interfaces with gesture control, especially in the industrial context. I believe, we will see soon very innovative control systems for robots, for example. But my own 3D printer would be nice, too.
Nice list. Still, in my obviously biased view (as an engineer and ST flack), you're giving short-shrift to FD-SOI, which is faster, simpler and cooler--and BTW a finalist for top Energy Technology in the ACE Awards.
FD-SOI's only disadvantage as a sub-30nm process technology is that it isn't being pushed by the industry's 600-lb gorilla.
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.