NEW YORK--Correct us if we’re wrong, but many readers may be writing off MIPS Technologies way too soon.
The fate of MIPS is shaping up as one of the industry’s biggest stories in 2012. The company’s potential sale would have a significant impact on its storied processor IP line, MIPS customers, potential suitors who would either gain access to the processor IP or lose access and, of course, the current MIPS work force.
MIPS has not commented on speculation about a possible sale, and we’ve been unable to confirm that it has retained an investment banker to represent it (the rumor mill says it’s Goldman Sachs). Nevertheless, the question of who might buy MIPS is unavoidable and should be debated considering the broader implications of such a deal.
For one thing, there are enough chip companies -- including Broadcom, Sigma Design, Cavium Networks and others -- whose SoC roadmaps are dependent on MIPS cores. The outlook for MIPS licensees is as muddled as the future of MIPS. Switching to new cores is tricky since it requires an extensive rework of the internal software infrastructure. As one EE Times reader noted: “Current-day SoCs need a fast turnaround time, and the time needed to rework the software / debug with a new processor IP is just not there.”
But some argue that the transition might not be all that traumatic. Gary Mobley, senior research analyst at The Benchmark Co., wrote in his recent research note that “there is evidence that many of MIPS’ long-time licensees such as Sigma Designs and MStar have started to migrate toward ARM cores.”
To close a deal, seller and buyer must first agree on the sale price. MIPS, which has reportedly been shopped around for the last decade, the question of price is a moving target. In assessing the value of MIPS, Mobley wrote that “the wild card is MIPS patents.” He believes MIPS’ patents, “at a minimum,” could be “worth $100 million.” Mobley estimates the liquidation value for MIPS at about $5 per share “based on our best estimate for the present value of the company’s royalty stream, plus cash and certain assets, minus balance sheet and off-balance sheet liabilities.
MIPS understands how to play this game.
J. Scott Gardner, a senior analyst at The Linley Group, said MIPS has had its patent portfolio evaluated and is now included in the Ocean Tomo 300 Patent Index for 2011-2012. Ocean Tomo, an IP merchant bank, developed an “IPQ score” to rate patent assets based on a proprietary statistical methodology. The IPQ score has a median of 100. Patent assets with higher IPQ scores are statistically more likely to generate economic returns, according to the firm. The IPQ score for MIPS is 135 – one of the highest among semiconductor companies listed in the Ocean Tomo 300 list of member companies
The list “includes a lot of very large companies, and the median market cap is over $9 billion,” said Gardner. “MIPS could raise cash without selling the entire company.”
Gardner added that there are “a few scenarios that would really shake up the industry,” including Apple and Google. “Apple has proven the value of complete vertical integration and ecosystem control,” he said.
Others find promise in the emergence of a tighter Google-MIPS relationship. Google has recently decided to include the MIPS architecture as part of its SDK for the next generation of Android, noted Mobley. "This means eventually all future Android applications will run native on MIPS.
In the following pages, EE Times editors weigh in on the debate, sharing their thoughts in the categories of: a few unlikely candidates, best bets and a potential wild card.
The converse question to "Who might buy MIPS?" is "Why should MIPS want to sell?" I think the answer is probably obvious. Size matters, and MIPS feels it needs to be part of a bigger, better heeled company to survive and compete long-term in the CPU/GPU market.
And it isn't clear that ARM has won the war. The current war I see is all about power efficiency, and ARM is poised to make inroads into the server market because ARM cores use less power than Intel. It's even more vital in the mobile device market, where the scarce resource is battery charge, and you win by being able to work longer without needing to recharge.
I think a lot will hinge on just how good the newly announced MIPS designs are. If they are as power efficient as claimed, they'll get a lot of interest.
And while I don't expect it would happen, I know a company that might find MIPS a worthwhile acquisition: Intel. Intel has little penetration in the mobile device market, and the Atom processor hasn't really been able to compete with ARM. Intel might find it worthwhile to add MIPS both for the patent portfolio and the opportunity to better compete with ARM in the mobile market. They can certainly afford the price.
Intel used to license ARM IP, and had its own line of StrongARM processors, before selling it to Freescale in a reorganization. If they bought MIPS, they wouldn't be licensing someone else's technology. It would be theirs, because they bought it. And Intel has the fabs and the process technology to manufacture MIPS based chips in any form desired.
I don't expect it to occur for corporate ego reasons - it would be an implicit admission Intel has been unable to compete with X86 based designs in the mobile space, and had to acquire different technology they didn't create to do so. But it might make sense for them to do so.
Hi, Moronda. ARM may have won the war, as you say, but I wouldn't discount MIPS patents so quickly.
I wouldn't discount Sandeep so quickly either. Much of the difficulties MIPS had gone through are due to what happened even before Sandeep arrived at MIPS.
Lastly, I wouldn't want any company to go down the toilet. Every company, and every engineer on the team, deserves to do its/his best and eventually succeed.
Take a look at MIPS financials. That says it all. During an era with explosive growth in smartphones and tablets, MIPS revenue has been flat.
ARM revenue grew more in one year than the complete size of MIPS.
2011 2010 2009
MIPS 82M 71M 70M
ARM 764M 636M 492M
I'd say the war has been lost along with the battle. It is a complete domination.
Also, what good are MIPS patents really? Have the MIPS patents in any way prevented ARM from being successful? No.
What I like to talk about is CEO FAIL. These CEOs never get held accountable for total failure. Sandeep, what were you thinking when you joined MIPS? Was it just your overriding desire to obtain the ultimate title of CEO? Maybe if it gets bought though, it isn't a fail. It gets to be spun as a success. I took over MIPS and led it to a successful acquisition.
I hope nobody buys it. Why buy it? Just flush it down the toilet where it belongs. Not every company deserves to be or should be bought.
My current thought is the best deal for MIPS is to sell its patent portfolio while retaining rights to it as IPWireless did in a deal with Nvidia and IV this week.
That gives MIPS a solid cash injection and the freedom to develop next-gen products.
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.