Rohde & Schwarz reports that its R&S®CLG multichannel signal generator is the first instrument on the market to simulate a cable TV network with all channels fully loaded with analog and digital TV signals. Measuring 19“ wide and 1 HU high, it aims to replace the entire rack of signal generators commonly used in test systems. The R&S®CLG has a frequency range from 47 MHz to 1002 MHz and can generate up to 160 freely combinable analog and digital signals. It is can simulate a U.S. cable TV network with 158 channels and a European network with up to 119 channels.
The R&S CLG supports the J.83/B, DVB-C and ISDB-T digital standards and the PAL and NTSC analog standards. Receiver tests in line with ANSI/SCTE 40 can also be performed. The R&S CLG simulates the AC hum that often occurs in cable TV and which is manifested as superimposed amplitude modulation. The frequency can be set in the range from 47 Hz to 63 Hz. In addition to full channel loading, the R&S CLG also generates adjacent channel signals and a discrete CW interference signal for ANSI/SCTE 40 compliant tests. And network equipment manufacturers can generate CW signals and perform CSO/CTB measurements to check the linearity of their broadband CATV amplifiers.
The R&S CLG can be operated using a PC over a web GUI or by remote control using SCPI commands or SNMP, making it ideal for integration into automated test systems. The signal level and frequency can be separately set for each channel in order to simulate a cable TV network with full channel loading. It is not necessary to set the amplitude of each channel individually: The R&S CLG allows the user to define a tilt across the entire spectrum, and the generator sets the individual channels to the corresponding levels.
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.