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Video: Impact Caused Tesla Battery Fire

10/7/2013 08:10 AM EDT
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Sanjib.A
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More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
Sanjib.A   10/7/2013 10:52:49 AM
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The video of the Tesla Model S fire accident is pretty scary. Though it is being justified as being caused by the battery getting damaged by hitting into something and this could be a rare incident, but it is dangerous and could be life threatening. I am sure a detailed investigation would reveal the real reason and something will be done to prevent it, but I guess more research is need in knowing all possible failure modes of of Li-ion battery. Also I learned that the fire from Li-ion batteries is not controlled easily...another area for more research, which I guess is already going on. 

krisi
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Re: More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
krisi   10/7/2013 1:33:28 PM
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how is this comparing to a similar accident with a combustion engine car? which one is safer?

Caleb Kraft
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Re: More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
Caleb Kraft   10/7/2013 2:26:24 PM
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Most cars I've been in, something striking the bottom with that much force would have actually entered the cabin. Most cars don't have a quarter inch plate underneath everything.

betajet
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Re: More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
betajet   10/7/2013 2:35:53 PM
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An electric car battery fire is rare enough to make the front page.  A gasoline car fire is pretty much a daily occurrence in any major USA metro area, so they don't make the front page.


In this case the car told the driver to pull over and exit the car, which he did safely.  Here's a nice write-up comparing what could have happened with a gasoline car.

bmws88
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Re: More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
bmws88   10/7/2013 4:04:37 PM
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Teslas are less than a year old and they've made less than 20,000 of these cars in all (wikipedia). Unless somebody can show me gasoline engine cars catch fire at a higher than 1/20,000 rate in their first year of service, this is a serious issue deserving serious attention.

jlindcary
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Re: More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
jlindcary   10/7/2013 7:53:11 PM
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For goodness sake! Please consider that the technology that you are drawing comparisons between differ greatly in their degree of maturity and their ultimate potential. Gasoline engines are over 100 years old.  The type of electric vehicles that you are drawing unfavorable comparisons against gas engines are, at best, 20 years old and some of the technology is only 5 years old. EVs are only getting started.

 

jaybus0
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Re: More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
jaybus0   10/8/2013 8:22:43 AM
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Yes, but EV manufacturers benefit from the previous century of experience with automobiles and do not start from scratch as did ICE manufacturers. I expect that to be an advantage for EV manufacturers, particularly for safety issues.

Andrzej11
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Re: More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
Andrzej11   10/7/2013 8:52:28 PM
According to the NFPA in 2010 there were some 184,500 vehicle fires leading to some 285 deaths and 1440 injuries or one fire per 1,312 registered vehicles which is much worse then Tesla with a record so far of 1 in 20,000. However to your point that the Tesla Model S is a new vehicle and has not accumulated nearly as many miles on average then the overall US average, based on the number of miles driven Tesla does not fare as well. Tesla has a fleet total mileage to date of about 13 million miles and the NFPA stat works out to about 1 fire in 17 million miles driven for 2010. However one should note that the Chevy Volt with a LIB on board has a total fleet mileage of over 300,000,000 miles and no fires that I am aware of.  This is much better then the ICE average and would suggest that LIB's at least in their early life in EVs are quite safe.

 

Update:

 

It appears that the 13 million miles for Tesla is an old number and the Design News article reports a current number of 83 million miles driven which would make the occurrence rate for fires in the Tesla Model S much less then the ICE average in 2010.

 

bmws88
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Re: More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
bmws88   10/7/2013 10:04:10 PM
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I assume we are all engineers. Now this is what an engineering discussion should look like. Thanks for the reply, Andrzej11.

Hardik Joshi
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Re: More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
Hardik Joshi   10/8/2013 2:33:18 AM
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I do not have to say much....look at the link...

This accident burnt 4 ALIVE in a BMW. At least tesla evacuated the driver.

Accidents happen daily. But only deffentiator is how machine saves its owner....

http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/central-locking-traps-4-in-burning-bmw-in-gujarat-6617

Bert22306
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Re: More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
Bert22306   10/7/2013 4:54:40 PM
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Well, that article isn't very convincing. Nor is it surprising that someone who spends the kind of money to buy a Tesla would not make excuses for it. These are zealots.

It would be nice to have some specifics on what object this car hit. The two articles I've read so far have been too vague to be of any use.

Caleb Kraft
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Re: More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
Caleb Kraft   10/7/2013 2:27:47 PM
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the combustion potential of that bettery is a fraction of what you would find in a typical gasoline fueled vehicle. Sure, there's a possibility of it catching fire, and that is life threatening, but there's the same risk with your typical gas powere vehicle.

1audio
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Re: More research needed on Li-ion battery fire
1audio   10/7/2013 7:46:53 PM
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The video is scary, as any car fire is. More scary is the report that the fire dept. used water on the Lithium batteries to put it out. Usually that is a very bad idea. What is the right way to douse a lithium fueled fire?

The MicroMan
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battling fires
The MicroMan   10/7/2013 8:31:39 PM
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Gasoline, aviation fuel, and other liquid and gaseous fuels have nearly a hundred years of history and billions of examples behind their present day safety.  The last real incident that I remember was the 1970's Ford Pinto needing re-positioning of the gas tank so a rear-end collision wouldn't turn into an inferno. 

While Teslas look to be some of the most amazing cars around, sporty like the (earlier) European sports cars, and highly touted by the Wall Street boys who all want one (as do I), this exotic battery technology just doesn't have the real-life environmental and practical use hours behind it to have the bugs worked out of it in large-scale applications like aircraft and automobiles. 

While an electronic voice warning the passengers to please exit the vehicle as soon as possible may sound comforting to some people, that sounds like a very small band-aid that might not be overly convenient at the time.  I'm certain that I've driven by 20,000 vehicles in the last few months and I don't recall seeing any on fire (this includes EV's and hybrids).  There does seem to be an endless trail of tire treads, 2x4's, furniture, and other debris littered down the highway.  That shouldn't cause a car to burst into flames (or a Concorde). 

If Tesla is going to avoid becoming another Edsel/Corvair/Pinto/Explorer poster boy then it's going to have to completely solve any battery issues, whether or not exotic battery chemistry, behavior, and construction are supposed to be Tesla's core competency.

Vincent.Lorion
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Re: battling fires
Vincent.Lorion   10/7/2013 9:01:49 PM
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There are so many failures modes a combustion engine car would catch fire as well. At least from what I have witnessed so many times on the side of the road. So let's not jump the gun too quick on this event. No doubt this new technology needs to be made equally safe to all road hazards like this metal object that impacted the bottom. I am sure there are reasonnable qualification requirements to be met by all manufacturers in order to get a car certification, includingTesla. Let's see what will the final report reveal.

sixscrews
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Vehicles on fire
sixscrews   10/8/2013 7:21:26 PM
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Over 40+ years of driving I can recall seeing quite a few vehicle fires, but, of these, the most common are associated with semi-trailer rear axles.  These are caused by brake failures (dragging shoes, broken air lines, etc.) igniting the bearing grease then, in some cases, the tires and, in turn, the trailer and its load.  Should be go chicken little over semi trailer brakes?  

The problems with lthium-ion batteries can be fixed, just as the problems with gas tank fires in early gas powered vehicles were fixed.  Yes, they happen, but they are rare and the causes are readily traced.

The primary issue is a lot of energy in a small space - gas tank, battery, nuclear power plants, coal piles.  Do something wrong and it will burn/go critical/whatever.  

We can't be sure NOTHING will go wrong - all we can do is reduce the likelyhood to an acceptable level commensurate with the potential damage from the fire - a fuel tank fire has to be isolated from the passengers long enough for them to exit the vehicle.  I would say the Tesla design, at this stage, is adequate to protect the passengers.  On the other hand, 4" of armor plate around the battery would protect the battery but it would make the product useless for its intended purpose.  What's 'good enough?'

 

ss

junko.yoshida
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Re: Vehicles on fire
junko.yoshida   10/9/2013 4:46:46 AM
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@sixscrews, you wrote:

all we can do is reduce the likelyhood to an acceptable level commensurate with the potential damage from the fire - a fuel tank fire has to be isolated from the passengers long enough for them to exit the vehicle.  I would say the Tesla design, at this stage, is adequate to protect the passengers.


Well, summerized. Agreed!

 

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