Advances in baseband SoCs and backhaul technologies have plowed the way for small cell deployments.
“There are multiple silicon providers starting to produce second- and even third-gen silicon that gets the efficiencies necessary to get the performance we need in a small power envelop and form factor,” said Mansfield.
“I see a lot of progress in multimode SoCs from several silicon providers who have really accelerated their development time frames to get the technologies on a single chip, leveraging power over Ethernet--especially for indoor cells,” he said.
Vendors with small cell SoCs now include Broadcom, Cavium, Freescale, Mindspeed, Qualcomm and Texas Instruments.
Carriers also have come up to speed on the full portfolio of options for providing backhaul for small cells. The Forum helped with a set of white papers and other documents it calls its Release 1.
The Release 1, focused on home-based femtocells, lays out the various wireless line-of-sight, non-LOS, satellite, wired Ethernet, VDSL, Docsis and optical infrared options, each useful for different deployments. “It takes a tool box,” Mansfield said.
The Forum will publish in early December its Release 2, focused on indoor cells for businesses. A Release 3, planned for early 2014, will describe how to deploy outdoor cells for hot spots and big event venues that need high capacity.
“You have to put together the full package in an easily digestible way so anyone can pick it up,” he said. “Operators that don’t have large staffs can take the lessons from larger operators and overcome obstacles,” he added.
Other groups are filling in other pieces of the still-evolving puzzle. For example, the 3GPP’s Release 12 of LTE—now in progress—“has a tremendous amount of small cell content in it, like how to integrate small cells with macro basestations” Mansfield said.
Other groups are working on standards for building carrier-grade Wi-Fi, integrating Wi-Fi and cellular nets or automating the process of managing small-cell nets. “It’s very encouraging to see the level of cooperation to speed the enhancements we need to the market,” he said, noting the forum recently hosted a meeting of reps from the groups.
Millimeter Waves are the highest band of radio waves and operate at a frequency range of 20-300 GHz. The radio waves in this band have wavelengths that are in order of millimeters (mm), which is why the waves in this band are called millimeter waves, abbreviated as MM Waves. In wireless communications, frequency is one of the major factors that ascertain the feasibility of the technology.
The global millimeter wave market is expected to reach $116 million by end of 2013 and is expected to grow to cross $1.1 billion in 2018 at a CAGR of 59.1%. Similarly volumes are estimated to grow from 11.8 thousand units to more than 360 thousand units in 2018. This growth is heralded by the expected by the growing telecom application market for millimeter wave especially in the small cell back haul field. The millimeter wave scanner market is also expected to grow rapidly in the coming five years. For further details, may write at - firstname.lastname@example.org
Rick, have you heard any more about the Alcatel-Lucent (SOI-based) solution (w/Freescale) they showed at Barcelona a couple years ago? (see http://www.advancedsubstratenews.com/2011/02/topple-the-towers-freescales-soi-soc-in-alcatel-lucents-lightradio/)
Offering free small cell base stations to users in areas with poor cell phone coverage in exchange for allowing access by outsiders would seem to be a win-win program. We've all experienced the countless dead spaces that we'd love to see filled in.
David Patterson, known for his pioneering research that led to RAID, clusters and more, is part of a team at UC Berkeley that recently made its RISC-V processor architecture an open source hardware offering. We talk with Patterson and one of his colleagues behind the effort about the opportunities they see, what new kinds of designs they hope to enable and what it means for today’s commercial processor giants such as Intel, ARM and Imagination Technologies.