I've just done a little work trying to get to the hardware through a Raspberri Pi or Beaglebone OS. It's possible, but not easy. Funny thing is, though, that I used to have to work through an OS way back in the Apple II and DOS days. It can be quite the struggle.
The Arduino, without an OS, is far easier to use, and in my opinion, a much better educational tool.
Drones are, in essence, flying autonomous vehicles. Pros and cons surrounding drones today might well foreshadow the debate over the development of self-driving cars. In the context of a strongly regulated aviation industry, "self-flying" drones pose a fresh challenge. How safe is it to fly drones in different environments? Should drones be required for visual line of sight – as are piloted airplanes? Join EE Times' Junko Yoshida as she moderates a panel of drone experts.