@Ankit: "how all programmable devices consume less power?"
This is a complicated question. An ASIC/SoC uses the least power and gives the best performance, but it costs millions of dollars and takes at least a year (maybe two) to design and build. An FPGA consumes more power and offers less performance than an ASIC/SoC, but you can implement a design much faster and cheaper.
A microprocessor/microcontroller is really cheap, and great at implementing decision-making software, but it' svery ineffuicient at performing algorithmic data processing tasks. An FPGA can perform algorithmic dataprocessing tasks at a lower clock rate using less power because it can do things in a massivelt parallel fashion
What are the engineering and design challenges in creating successful IoT devices? These devices are usually small, resource-constrained electronics designed to sense, collect, send, and/or interpret data. Some of the devices need to be smart enough to act upon data in real time, 24/7. Are the design challenges the same as with embedded systems, but with a little developer- and IT-skills added in? What do engineers need to know? Rick Merritt talks with two experts about the tools and best options for designing IoT devices in 2016. Specifically the guests will discuss sensors, security, and lessons from IoT deployments.