When I first saw this, I was surprised that the answer is independent of the starting circumference. It's interesting that the answer is surprising, since I'm not surprised that circumference is proportional to radius. Maybe that means that the distributive property of multiplication is nonintuitive. I doubt the explanation is that simple, since another form of the question doesn't seem to be a riddle at all: A company pays each of its employees $6.28 per hour, for a total of $40,000 per hour. How much more would the company need to spend per hour to hire one more employee?
C = 2*pi*R
R' = R+1
C' = 2*pi*(R+1) = 2*pi*R + 2*pi = C + 2*pi
Paul

If string is lifted 1m, effective diameter increases by 2m. let d = 2meters. If D is original diameter then difference in circumference is
C = (Pi*(D+d) - Pi*D) = Pi*d = 2*Pi meters = 6.283 meters

If we assume a perfect circle of string then we can calculate the Diameter D
C=Pi x D
D=C/Pi = 40x10^6/Pi
When you lift the string by 1 Meter, the diameter increases by 2 Meters.
Then all you need to do is calculate the new circumference C and take the difference between old and new.
NewC=(C/Pi + 2) x Pi
To get the difference:
Difference = NewC ? C
= [(C/Pi + 2) x Pi ] ? C.
= C + 2xPi ? C = 2xPi
The answer I get is 2xPi
Rick.

It would be interresting how this equation looks, which gives the result how far we have to move to north or south...
A real topic for my math teacher, who teased me with such questions back in school some decades ago.

What are the engineering and design challenges in creating successful IoT devices? These devices are usually small, resource-constrained electronics designed to sense, collect, send, and/or interpret data. Some of the devices need to be smart enough to act upon data in real time, 24/7. Are the design challenges the same as with embedded systems, but with a little developer- and IT-skills added in? What do engineers need to know? Rick Merritt talks with two experts about the tools and best options for designing IoT devices in 2016. Specifically the guests will discuss sensors, security, and lessons from IoT deployments.

To save this item to your list of favorite EE Times content so you can find it later in your Profile page, click the "Save It" button next to the item.

If you found this interesting or useful, please use the links to the services below to share it with other readers. You will need a free account with each service to share an item via that service.