As the article mentions, software start ups do not need significant capital. I ran a successful consultancy for years in the corner of the living room with a single PC that we would have used for home email etc anyway.
If the start up fails there is no significant waste.
Hardware start ups are a different animal. Tens of thousands of dollars on test equipment etc which can typically only be sold at pennies on the dollar.
Software is often highly portable meaning that the same function can be redeployed on different hardware with ease. I still use code I wrote in the 1980s and have used in tens of projects on 5 or more CPU architectures and different RTOSs. This tends to give better payback for software projects.
Hardware projects, on the other hand, tend to have no fire sale value. That drives up the associated investment risk.
"Clearly, software cannot exist with out hardware and vice versa. "
Actually, hardware existed for many, many years before modern software. Today we know this type of hardware as "analog" to distinguish it from "digital" HW.
I have to agree with NewYankEE, pure hardware startups aren't going to make a comeback. But a bigger picture system play that combines hardware and software in a way that creates a new application or market, or improves upon an existing one, certainly has a chance of getting funded.
"You can't put state-of-the-art software on crappy devices so there has to be a tipping point for when software has out-grown current hardware."
But it's no longer "current hardware" at that point but is more often old hardware being leveraged or supported because there's an installed customer base one is selling to.
I don't get the hardware investing angle potential that is not specifically coupled to a specific application and that related business. Who would invest in platforms otherwise? I'm an Embedded Sys hardware eng and I bring to the table hardware nuts & bolts applied where needed - an often (preferably) generic means to an ends...course I'm excluding investing in silicon vendors or their incremental advances (old story) and exclude turnkey product makers like Apple (where again we're investing in more than just hardware mfg/assy but a big picture ensemble).
I'm not sure there's any comeback excitement for hardware that isn't really about a bigger picture system or what it delivers (i.e. a company like PrimeSense has a platform valuable to a Microsoft).
In my crystal ball, I see hardware making a comeback. And soon. In my (very humble) opinion, here is why:
1. Clearly, software cannot exist with out hardware and vice versa (duh). As software moves forward in innovation, it is going to need hardware to be accessed through (more from Captain Obvious). You can't put state-of-the-art software on crappy devices so there has to be a tipping point for when software has out-grown current hardware. When the need for new hardware innovations is critical, the modern (intelligent) investor will recognize this, and then hardware will be taking home a bigger piece of that incubator pie. I think that we are nearing that tipping point.
2. I would like to make the assumption that people who are investing in start ups probably have a diverse portfolio. I would also delve to say that these people want to see a return on their investments ($$$). When software cannot be used properly because it is to 'ahead of its time' ie the hardware hasn't caught up, then the investors lose money. I think that this will start to happen more frequently, causing a greater demand for hardware innovations (and thus more money being thrown that way).
What are the engineering and design challenges in creating successful IoT devices? These devices are usually small, resource-constrained electronics designed to sense, collect, send, and/or interpret data. Some of the devices need to be smart enough to act upon data in real time, 24/7. Are the design challenges the same as with embedded systems, but with a little developer- and IT-skills added in? What do engineers need to know? Rick Merritt talks with two experts about the tools and best options for designing IoT devices in 2016. Specifically the guests will discuss sensors, security, and lessons from IoT deployments.