"But if you are talking about software developers creating applications at a higher level, then a lot of them don’t have a clue about the “nitty gritty” details of programming a microcontroller at the lowest levels and interfacing with real-world input and output devices"
Very sad, but true. While the high level tools available today have the ability to leverage productivity, the isolation from the "iron" (silicon) is creating a huge work force that rarely even bothers to ask, "but does this approach execute efficiently"!
I have always maintained that any programmer worth his salary should be able to describe the assembly language instructions an optimizing compiler will generate for a given block of code. That doesn't mean he has to understand all the details or be able to write it himself but if he has never done cc -a -t he is clueless to what he is really doing
What are the engineering and design challenges in creating successful IoT devices? These devices are usually small, resource-constrained electronics designed to sense, collect, send, and/or interpret data. Some of the devices need to be smart enough to act upon data in real time, 24/7. Are the design challenges the same as with embedded systems, but with a little developer- and IT-skills added in? What do engineers need to know? Rick Merritt talks with two experts about the tools and best options for designing IoT devices in 2016. Specifically the guests will discuss sensors, security, and lessons from IoT deployments.