We plan to use triple-junction photovoltaic cells on a micro-channel cooled module which can directly convert more than 30 percent of collected solar radiation into electrical energy and allow for the efficient recovery of an additional 50 percent waste heat.
Here is the full release http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/40912.wss
What temperatures will the cells operate at? What temperature is the 'waste heat' water?
I wish you the best of luck with this experiment but I'm not holding my breath in anticipation. Five or six years ago, I was touting the same benefits of a HCPVT solution (Menova Energy, now defunct). We too were going to use triple junction cells at ~1000x concentration and use water to keep the cells cool. We found that unless you have a virtually infinite requirement for low grade heat, it was difficult to derive any meaningful (financial) benefit from the waste heat. If you slowed the flow of the water (to get higher grade heat), then you lost efficiency on the PV side; and, given the differing values of electrical vs thermal outputs (i.e., ~12-16¢/kWh vs ~4-5¢/kWh (from NatGas)), it was not good business case...
And remember the Solyndra boondoggle? Solyndra made efficient solar panels into a narrow cylindrical form, which turned out to be inefficient because the sun wasn't hitting the back of the cylinders. (And also Chinese companies entered the market and severely undercut them in price).
I always wondered why they didn't make the cylinders into pipes, then they could do this same trick of making the solar panels hotter and more efficient while also generating power from the hot water by putting them into solar trough farms:
I'm glad IBM is working on these ideas for using more of the sun's power. I hope we eventually get really low cost solar power.
Correct me if I am wrong...
50 feet x 0.305 m = 15.25m diameter
15.25m * pi / 4 = 182m square area
At 25kW peak power at full sunlight (1000W/m sq) that gives us:
25000W / 182m sq = 137W / m sq
Electrical efficiency is a ratio of power out to power in:
n = 137 [W / m sq] / 1000 [W / m sq] = 0.137 = 13.7%
Effective efficiency is 13.7% minus inverters/transformers efficiency.
Hardly 80% or even 30%......
As these concentrators only work correctly in full sunlight and they do cast shadows - they would have to be spaced in order to work. Say we estimate that we could spread them so for one unit of space we would need 3 space units around it to be free. This will lower the area efficiency by a factor of 4 - for every square meter of a space at full sunlight they would generate:
1000 [W / m sq] * 13.7% / 4 = 34W
Please note that concentrated panels work only with the direct sunlight (as opposed by flat panels that harvest energy in proportion to the current insolation).
To build a 1GW power station (still we assume full sunlight for all of the day and night) this would require an area of:
10^9 [W] / 34 [W / m sq] = 29.4 km sq
This would be a 5.4 x 5.4km square. Can we do it?
'5 to 10 cents per kWh'.
Current panels are on the order of a dollar/W.
In near desert, this produces 1700Wh/year.
To hit 10 cents/kWh - your panel needs to last a little under 6 years.
To hit 5 - 12 years.
(neglecting cost of money).
'cost of concentrated panels could drop to $250/m^2' - the price of existing panels is about half this.
Ok so you are going to start misrepresenting facts in the title?
I ussally like your articles and they are generally acurate. What happened here?
Are you just reprinting what you are given?
You do not get 10x more power for a given amount of solar energy.
80% efficiency # thrown out without the facts?
How much more power is produced for the same concentration level with and without cooling?
What % improvement is created by keeping the solar cells at a lower temperature?
if solar concentration gets as high as stated, how hard is it to focus at this concentration.
if not perfect how much extra losses for ideal constant concentration acroos the whole surface of the triple junction cell?
How does concentration ratio and the resulting cost balance between concentration means and PV collector costs map out in a graph.
How much better ROI if concentration goes up 10X with cooling means compared to aircooled?
Here is a video by IBM about their prototype, the facts about which enabled the companies to be so optimistic about their project, and land the $2.4 million to prove they can do it: http://youtu.be/J_zzE8xMdZc
It sounds like the subtle distinction is that this technology may boost the efficiency of a particular technology by 10x ... but that technology doesn't happen to be the most efficient available technology. It isn't a 10x improvement over the best available.
What are the engineering and design challenges in creating successful IoT devices? These devices are usually small, resource-constrained electronics designed to sense, collect, send, and/or interpret data. Some of the devices need to be smart enough to act upon data in real time, 24/7. Are the design challenges the same as with embedded systems, but with a little developer- and IT-skills added in? What do engineers need to know? Rick Merritt talks with two experts about the tools and best options for designing IoT devices in 2016. Specifically the guests will discuss sensors, security, and lessons from IoT deployments.