Yes there are many ways to store Big Energy--my favorite is compressing the air in unground caves during demand lulls, then bleeding it off to generate electricity during demand peaks.
Smaller versions are possible--since their protype is small enough to handhold--but these researchers had the primary goal of meeting the $100 per kilowatt mandated by the DoE, which is the break-even point for grid-scale deployment.
Yes you are right, and from the architecture of the battery as explained it seems that this batteries will be surely have more life time as compared to the batteries we are using today. But will have to wait for the actual results for the exact figures.
The researchers primary purpose in eliminating the ion-exchange membrane, was to extend the lifetime of flow batteries, which they now claim to have achieved. However, long-term tests have yet to be performed on real membrane-less flow batteries to determine just how long they'll last.
Due the elimination of the ion-exchange membrane I think the life of battery will be more as compared with the Lithium-ion batteries, but again the life will be limited because of the electochemical reactions at the electrodes. The article is not discussing about the life of the battery which is an important parameter in comparison of batteries.
Replay available now: A handful of emerging network technologies are competing to be the preferred wide-area connection for the Internet of Things. All claim lower costs and power use than cellular but none have wide deployment yet. Listen in as proponents of leading contenders make their case to be the metro or national IoT network of the future. Rick Merritt, EE Times Silicon Valley Bureau Chief, moderators this discussion. Join in and ask his guests questions.