I figured I'd post something on this since, there hasn't been a response yet.
Based upon the fact that the patent number is in English, I took the chance that it was probaby originally from an English speaking country. The British patent for number 4615 is dated 1821 and references a method to destroying smoke in a chimney. The US patent is dated 1826 and is labeled as a machine for making hubs for wheels for carriages. I would speculate that it is the latter as opposed to the former, assuming that either one has any relation to the item shown. The timeframes for both patents would be consitent with the manufacturing appearance and apparent age of the device.