GNU Octave uses the Matlab language, though not all the libraries that are available for Matlab are avaialble for GNU Octave. This does not prevent you from coding these functions up yourself. The GNU Octave team has a reporting method that allows you to report if a function does not work the same as it does in Matlab.
GNU Octave is also uses the interpreted method. Both Python and C# are interpreted, but I am not sure about R. I know of it, but I have not used it.
What are the engineering and design challenges in creating successful IoT devices? These devices are usually small, resource-constrained electronics designed to sense, collect, send, and/or interpret data. Some of the devices need to be smart enough to act upon data in real time, 24/7. Are the design challenges the same as with embedded systems, but with a little developer- and IT-skills added in? What do engineers need to know? Rick Merritt talks with two experts about the tools and best options for designing IoT devices in 2016. Specifically the guests will discuss sensors, security, and lessons from IoT deployments.