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HangLai
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San Disk share price is way over valued!
HangLai   4/18/2014 7:05:52 PM
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SanDisk/Toshiba stock is flying high because analysts' recommendation, but the revenue, thus the profit level will be stagnate due to price erosion.  Sandisk/Toshiba is not a low cost company, with Samsung, MU/Intel and Hynix coming to the market in a big way, the NAND price will be coming down in a hurry.  SanDisk does not have any secret source to the SSD for memory nor NAND manufacturing process, why should SNDK share price deserve 20 times earning while the others are in low teen's?

Wilco1
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Re: Managing SSD sector rewrites
Wilco1   4/18/2014 4:16:09 PM
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Flash can only write 16KB blocks and erase 128KB blocks, ie. much larger than disk sectors. SSDs maintain an internal mapping of the disk blocks, combine multiple writes into a single block write and perform garbage collection to reclaim dead blocks. Typically 5-10% of the total flash is reserved to minimize the wear on the flash blocks.

To give you an idea how well this works in practice, my main drive is an 128GB SSD, and after 1TB written has a wear level count of just 25. It has a guaranteed wear level of 3000, and so can still write 120 times as much.

Hmm, if I don't start writing a LOT more data soon then I will wear out long before my SSD does!

DrQuine
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Managing SSD sector rewrites
DrQuine   4/18/2014 1:34:59 PM
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I note the 'SATA SSDs designed to stand up to 10 full-drive writes per day, are guaranteed for five years'. My recollection is that this technology is susceptable to failure if written too many times. If there are specific sectors on the SSD that are experiencing frequently rewritten data, will they fail or is there a mechanism to protect the disk data integrity? This might be accomplished by using logical mapping which move the activity elsewhere on the disk or by limiting the number of write cycles to a given sector. Alternatively, the system might simply monitor sectors for failures and then remove them from the logical record pool once they're identified as bad (while remapping the data elsewhere).



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As data rates begin to move beyond 25 Gbps channels, new problems arise. Getting to 50 Gbps channels might not be possible with the traditional NRZ (2-level) signaling. PAM4 lets data rates double with only a small increase in channel bandwidth by sending two bits per symbol. But, it brings new measurement and analysis problems. Signal integrity sage Ransom Stephens will explain how PAM4 differs from NRZ and what to expect in design, measurement, and signal analysis.

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