TI build their "R-Fab" with used equipment, which could be a substantial cost savings. But I'm not sure how often you can find nearly a whole fabs-worth of used 300mm equipment. But I'll admit that I've never tried ;-)
The rest of the world prefers not to buy military and space grade ICs from the US, due to our regulatory posture. They will look at any alternatives they can get. Anybody can do the job on quality, if they want. It only needs proving.